After reading the text “Tweet Touches Off: Heated Debate” Answer the following questions in complete sentences. The questions address specific details from the text.What wild animals are commonly found in your country?Are there any large wild animals?If so, what are they?If not, were there ever large wild animals in your country, and why don’t they exist today?Why do people hunt?Are there a different categories of hunters?Does regulated hunting serve any purpose other than the hunters enjoyment?Why, or why not?What are your feelings towards the practice of paying money to kill animals?Is there another way that money can be race for conservation efforts?If so, how?If not, why not?“Tweet touches off:heated debate”1). For Melisa Bachman, a tweet nay be wortha thousand insults.2). The Minnesota-based big game hunter andOutdoor Channel TV personality has stirred up controversy by posting a pictureto Twitter of herself and a dead lion. Bachman tweeted, “An incredible dayhunting in South Africa! Stalked inside 60-yards on this beautiful male lion…what a hunt!”3). Many outraged people have taken tosocial media to condemn the picture, often with harsh words for Bachman. To besure, others have defended Bachman’s right to hunt, pointing out thatcontrolled lion hunting is legal in South Africa (safari hunting was recentlyoutlawed in Botswana).4). But that didn’t stop opponents of lionhunting from launching a petition on Change. Org, asking the government ofSouth Africa to deny future entry to Bachman, who it says is “an absolutecontradiction to the culture of conservation. “That petition has more than300,000 signatures so far.Respondingto criticism5).The group that facilitated Bachman’s hunt,Maroi Conservancy, is a private preserve of 21,000 acres (8,500 hectares) alongthe Limpopo River in South Africa. Established in 1993, the preserve offerssafari hunts of various animals.6). In response to criticism over Bachman’sphoto, the Maroi Conservancy posted a note on its Facebook page saying, “Ourmotto is ‘conservation through sustainable hunting.” The conservancy said meatfrom animals shot on site is distributed to the local community. Funds raisedthrough hunting are used to shore up fences and guard against poachers, thenote added.7). The conservancy wrote that it hadrecently hosted Bachman, who had expressed her desire to shoot a lion. “Thereare no lions on Maroi as they do not occur here naturally,” the group noted.8). So the Maroi Conservancy arranged forBachman to work with another hunting outfitter in Zeerust, in North WestProvince. “We did not benefit financially from this hunt,” the group argued.9). Bachman received the necessarygovernment permits, and “the lion was not drugged or enclosed in a camp. It wasfree roaming on more than 2,000 hectares (4,900 acres). Melissa is aprofessional hunter and in no way is she involved in dubious practices,” theywrote.10). The group said that it will notapologize for facilitating the hunt, and added, “As for all the negativecommentary towards us, please consider how much you have contributed toconservation in the past years. If you are not a game farmer and strugglingwith dying starving animals, poaching and no fences in place to protect youranimals and crop, please refrain from making negative derogatory comments. “Theconservancy claims there are more animals in South Africa now than 100 yearsago, thanks in part to money raised through regulated hunting.The heated hunting debate11). Bachman’s story touches on acontroversy that has been brewing across Africa and beyond. Those who supportlimited hunting of big cats argue that money raised through fees andexpeditions can be invaluable in conservation efforts. In the other camp,people argue that every lion is precious and should be protected, even if thespecies has not been officially declared endangered (there are thought to be32,000 to 35,000 lions living in 27 African countries and the U.S. Fish andWildlife Service has spent recent months debating whether to upgrade theanimal’s status).12). National Geographic News recentlyfeatured a pair of essays that looked at both sides of this debate. MelissaSimpson, director of science-based wildlife conservation for the Safari ClubInternational Foundation, wrote in September that wildlife officials need moneymore than anything else in order to save lions from their biggest threat,poaching. That money can be best supplied by controlled hunts, each of whichcan provide up to $125,000, Simpson argued.13). She pointed to the example ofTanzania, which generated $75 million through lion hunting from 2008 to 2011.Simpson wrote that although non-hunting photo safaris also have contributed toconservation efforts in Tanzania, 11 out of 15 wilderness areas could continueto operate only after being subsidized by hunting revenue.14). “As with the regulated hunters in theUnited States, the regulated hunters in Africa make a vital contribution toconservation efforts, primarily through the revenues their hunting expeditionsgenerate for local communities and wildlife resource agencies.” Simpson wrote.15). Jeff Flocken, North America directorfor International Fund for Animal Welfare, wrote in July that lion hunts “areunsustainable and put more pressure on the species.” Flocken noted that about600 lions are killed by “safari” or “trophy” hunters a year. About 60 percentof those animals are killed by Americans, he added.16). Flocken noted that trophy hunters tendto be most interested in killing big males, which he said could impactevolution of the species by eliminating some of the healthiest genes.17). When a dominant male is killed, it canalso lead to more deaths, Flocken wrote. Other males in the area may fight tothe death to overtake the pride. The winner then may assassinate any cubs siredby the previous leader.Breeding male?18). When it comes to Bachman’s picture,media reports suggest that she had indeed shot a male in his prime. NationalGeographic reached out to Bachman for comment but has not heard back. We alsosent the picture to a big cat conservation biologist, who asked not to be namedbecause of the sensitivity of this story.19). Our source confirmed that the lion inthe photo looks to be of breeding age, but added that the question is reallyirrelevant. “All lion hunting in South Africa is done on private reserves,“they said”. “ Just because you can’t see the fence doesn’t mean it’s not acanned hunt. It’s a completely artificial industry, where these animals arebred, sold, then released in paddocks to be shot.”20). The lion was most certainly not abreeding member of a wild population, so its death should not directly affectthe status of the species, our source added. “On an organismal level, shootinga lion is indefensible,” they said. “But on a conservation level, it’s adouble-edged sword. There simply is not enough money for conservation, butthere is a lot of interest in hunting.”21). Taking aim at hunters, Luke Hunter, vicepresident of big cat conservation group Panthera, wrote in March, “The entireprocess that allows hunting big cats in Africa needs a complete overhaul topurge its excesses and enforce far stricter limits on which lions can be huntedand how many. That would force hunters to produce the conservation benefits ofwhich they constantly boast but only rarely produce.”ReferenceBroukal, M. (2018) Weaving ItTogether. Connecting Reading and Writing. 4th Ed. Cengage Learning. Pag. 201-204.
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