You will complete one required paper this semester.
Each paper is a literature review paper that is no less than ten full pages of content, typed, double spaced, Times New Roman 12 point font (no others will be accepted), with no more than 1 inch margins and no extra lines between paragraphs. Any other attempts to artificially increase the length of the paper will be rejected and the paper will be considered short. It should be no more than 15 pages long.
There should be a title page and references but these are not included in the length of the paper. An abstract is optional but it is not included in the length of the paper either.
This paper STRICTLY should follow APA 7th ed. Professional guidelines and standard rules of spelling and grammar. Mistakes in these areas will add up quickly and be costly in the end.
The paper should be well organized, well researched, and written in a clear and concise manner. This paper should be planned, smooth and full of FACTS (e.g., summaries of theories, interesting/famous/important ideas).
I expect at least 7 references. Links or copies of the actual references must be turned in with the papers. Only three of the seven can exclusively internet sources.
All topics must be approved by me by email.
Only 50 words total are allowed in quotes throughout the entire paper
At least five pages of appropriate (on topic) content (not counting title page, references, or abstract) is mandatory- students will receive an F in the course if this content is not submitted.
All topics must be approved by email.
Only one person will be allowed to write on each topic
Sample topics are given, but you can choose your own topic with written approval
You can change your topic at any time with written approval.
All topics must be psychological (the definition of psychological will be broad)
All topics must be historical- nine of the ten pages must be ABOUT people/ideas/content from before 1900. Only one of the ten pages can be background or material from after 1900.
You may write an in-depth paper on a person important in the history and systems of psychology or a concept/topic relevant to psychology.
1) Entire paper must be in APA 7th ed. Professional (not student) style
a) Title page
b) Reference page
c) Page formatting
d) In text citations
2) Language should be formal not familiar- this is a research paper. It is not a magazine article, a persuasive article, a speech
a) Dont use I or we or you
b) Dont tell personal stories
c) Dont give personal opinions
d) Dont use emotional language
e) Make your points with rational evidence, logic, expert support
3) In text citations
a) Any claims of fact that you make must be supported with a citation in the text
b) Any references to other peoples ideas must be credited with a citation in text
4) Organization, flow and clarity
i) Put ideas on the same topic together
ii) Only write things once
iii) Do not include irrelevant material- stay on topic!-
(1) Always ask yourselfhow does this relate to my topic and how does this relate to psychology
iv) Tell me what you are going to say and then say it
b) Flow and clarity
i) Give me transitions between paragraphs and sections in the paper
ii) Tell me, in general, what you are going to say and then say it
iii) Re-read your paper for clarity- if you dont understand it neither does your reader
(1) It may take time to rework a sentence until it is clear and says what it should say
iv) Clearly connect the ideas you write to your topic, tell me why it is relevant or what it means
5) ONLY 50 WORDS IN QUOTES
a) In the entire paper only 50 words total can be in quotes
b) Make sure quotes are formatted in APA style
6) Paper is TEN pages long
a) No extra spaces between paragraphs
7) Watch for plagiarism!
8) Watch out for sexist and racist language
I am expecting that these papers will show scholarliness and maturity of thinking that is appropriate for upper-division students. Any of the following aspects would increase the quality of your papers.
Research and investigate. Seek out obscure and hard-to-find material, and unify it into a clear presentation.
Synthesize. Draw together diverse things to show patterns and relations.
Organize. Give logical continuity and structure to diverse materials.
Analyze. Provide critical analysis in which arguments are examined for evidence, validity, logic, and flaws.
Clarify. Make evidence and arguments clearer to the reader. Elucidate difficult material.
Examine in a broader context. Show how a specific subject fits into a broader context, relates to another field, or relates to historic precedents.
Select and distill. Weed out fluff and irrelevancies to get at the main issues of a complex subject.
Adopt a point of view. Show how the preponderance of evidence and reason favors one side in a controversial issue.
o Recommended Process
Before sitting down to write you must have ideas, a plan in mind and genuine understanding to communicate. That comes from reading everything you can get your hands on related to your subject.
Dont forget to include relevant and important material from the broader context. This can include historical and cultural context.
Dont forget to focus on the depth of a topic, this is not a summary of a broad topic it is an intense investigation of a specific topic
Once you have in your mind (or an outline) the basics of what you want to say, begin to write whole sentences and paragraphs. Do this without your source references at hand. Do it from memory. Then, when the form and substance look good, consult your references again for details, facts, figures, specific references, etc.
o Citations and References
Everything that is not your own MUST have in text citations and a linked reference on the reference page
All referencing should be done in APA 7th ed professional style
o Things to Keep in Mind While Writing:
Don’t write anything you don’t understand. Don’t fake it and don’t force it. Understand firstthen write.
Make the focus and organization of your paper clear to the reader. Don’t ramble from one thing to another aimlessly.
If you copy anything word-for-word from a source, set it in quotes (if short) or in an indented paragraph (if longer), and always reference it. You may only have 50 words in direct quotes.
Be sure you stick to the subject of the class. Your paper should consistently relate in an important way to the history and systems of psychology and your approved topic.
Make the structure and organization of the paper appropriate to the subject and clear to the reader.
Discuss issues and themes. Don’t merely recount facts and events.
Tell how and why and to what end- not just what
DO NOT PLAGIARISE – Any plagiarism will result in a grade of F for the class
o Mechanics and Style
Proof-read your paper carefully for correct spelling and grammar.
Read it critically for form and content. Imagine yourself as the instructor, reading the paper to find its deficiencies, and to suggest ways it could be improved.
Look especially for `stumble points’, those places where the reader is forced to stop and re-read something to make sense of it. Fix any you find.
Make sure it really says what you intend.
I can send work to help and work on it with you I just need help finishing it
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