Oct 30, 2021, 2:41 PM
As the researcher, I would present an argument meant to convince the others that qualitative data could unveil otherwise unknow needs and desires of the people in the community. Qualitative studies could uncover familial, cultural, and other important themes that could assist healthcare workers in better serving the unique needs of community members (Cupit et al., 2018). Qualitative researchers use interviews, participant observation, and document analysis to generate patterns or themes to describe and explain phenomena in depth (Babchuk, 2019). Using these techniques, researchers can identify complex interactions and perceptions from the perspective of the people purposefully chosen for the study. This differs from the large, randomly-chosen participant groups of quantitative research. In addition, quantitative data is deductive and thus cannot provide the type of data, analysis, and findings that qualitative studies can (DUrso et al., 2021). Since the researchers goal is trying to describe the health care needs in their immediate community, the limitation of not being generalizable to a larger population is not as important (Babchuk, 2019). In this particular instance, I first believed that I would employ ethnography. After reading about ethnography, I learned that it might not be appropriate. Ethnography endeavors to describe and interpret the learned or shared patterns language, beliefs, behaviors, and values of a culture-sharing group (Creswell & Poth, 2016). But an ethnography requires that the culture-sharing group must have been intact and interacting for long enough to establish social behaviors of an identified group that can be studied (Creswell & Poth, 2016). An ethnographic study could possibly be relevant in this situation if the health facility served a small, relatively homogenous community where the members interacted frequently (Cupit et al., 2018). Cupit et al., (2018) argued for clarifying the language and practices surrounding ethnographic research in healthcare. Dellenborg et al., (2019) employed ethnography to study a singular group of healthcare workers in an emergency ward. The authors analyzed the specific interactions, culture, behaviors, and decisions of the group.
Babchuk, W. A. (2019). Fundamentals of qualitative analysis in family medicine. Family Medicine and Community Health, 7(2), e000040. https://doi.org/10.1136/fmch-2018-000040
Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2016). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc.
Cupit, C., Mackintosh, N., & Armstrong, N. (2018). Using ethnography to study improving healthcare: Reflections on the ethnographic label. BMJ Quality & Safety, 27(4), 258260. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2017-007599
DUrso, P., Johnston, E., & McClendon, C. (2021). Critical appraisal of quantitative and qualitative literature. In Grand Canyon University (Ed.), GCU doctoral research: Foundational principles of research design. Grand Canyon University.
Dellenborg, L., Wikstrm, E., & Andersson Erichsen, A. (2019). Factors that may promote the learning of person-centred care: An ethnographic study of an implementation programme for healthcare professionals in a medical emergency ward in Sweden. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 24(2), 353381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-018-09869-y
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