The referencing and citing of scholarly work is mandatory to support the idea that is being presented in the participation discussion (check the syllabus or instructor for specific requirements). ALL peer responses require an in text citation, a reference, and 6 or more sentences.
Pointers for citing in text.
If you are quoting something and do not give the complete source it is considered plagiarism. There are three different ways to commit plagiarism. “ …(1) failing to cite quotations and borrowed ideas, (2) failing to enclose borrowed language in quotation marks, and (3) failing to put summaries and paraphrases in your own words”( Hacker, 2000, p.418).
As you advance in writing use less quotes and explore ways to say it in your own words but giving credit to the author. For example:
As medical experts, Jones and Yablonski (2002) have explained…
As medical experts, Jones and Yablonski (2002) have explained “quote in here” (p. 5)
Jones and Jablonski (2002) have indicated that….
A report by Jones and Jablonski (2002) indicated that…
It has been pointed out that the use of……. (Jones &Yablonski, 2002).
Cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are one of the most leading causes of death in the world and in most cases, they are sudden and unexpected. Coronary heart disease is a condition where blood vessels are damaged due to a build up of materials through atherosclerosis causing blockage and narrowing of coronary arteries resulting in low blood and oxygen transport to the heart (Carbone et Al., 2019). This condition however is characterised by shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pains and sometimes a heart attack. This condition results due to high cholesterol levels in the human body, smoking which causes build up of plaque in the arteries, lack of exercising regularly to reduce fatty materials, high blood pressure increasing force on the arterial walls, diabetes through high blood sugar levels and thrombosis which causes blood clot in the blood vessels. Although the disease is incurable, certain medications and treatments are administered to patients to control symptoms and avoid complications in the long run.
Despite the incurable nature of coronary dysfunction, the disease can however be prevented and controlled by those already inflicted. Maintaining a healthy weight reduces chances of blood pressure level from increasing due to an effective blood circulation system. Engaging in regular exercising activities also helps reduce cholesterol levels in the body as well as maintaining an appropriate blood pressure level. Eating a balanced diet is also advisable to enable control fats intake thus reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. Likewise, avoiding smoking reduces the risk of blood thickening and formation of blood clots in the blood vessels providing a smooth transport of oxygen rich blood (Gao et Al., 2019). Finally, reducing alcohol consumption, being more physically active and being active on blood pressure levels are also measures that would prevent such heart diseases as the heart would be efficient in performing its activities.
Carbone, S., Del Buono, M. G., Ozemek, C., &Lavie, C. J. (2019). Obesity, risk of diabetes and role of physical activity, exercise training and cardiorespiratory fitness. Progress in cardiovascular diseases, 62(4), 327333.
Gao, Z., Chen, Z., Sun, A., & Deng, X. (2019). Gender differences in cardiovascular disease. Medicine in Novel Technology and Devices, 4, 100025.
The inability to breathe is exacerbated by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Secondhand smoke, air pollution, and dust can also play a role in the development of COPD, but smoking is by far the most significant risk factor. Quitting smoking, avoiding exposure to secondhand smoke and air pollution, and wearing proper respiratory protection when exposed to dust are the most important steps in preventing COPD and improving health.
The primary cause of COPD is tobacco use. Inflammation and mucus production are two of the many negative effects of smoking on the lungs and airways. Cigarettes and time spent smoking together are both risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The best way to prevent COPD is to stop smoking, and those who already have COPD will benefit greatly from giving up cigarettes.
To reduce your risk of developing COPD, it is important to avoid being around tobacco smoke and polluted air. The risk of developing the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is elevated in people who are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke, which is just as dangerous as smoking itself. Outdoor and indoor air pollution can both be harmful to the lungs and a contributing factor in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Educating patients more about antiinflammatory dietary supplements like vitamins C and E can help mitigate the lung inflammation caused by ozone exposure. Positive patient outcomes and health can only be achieved when patients take responsibility for their own treatment by eliminating risk factors like smoking and engaging in selfimprovement strategies like increasing physical activity and selfmanagement.
Finally, one can lessen their risk of developing COPD by using respiratory protection when working in dusty environments. People in dusty professions, like construction and farming, are at a higher risk of developing the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A dust mask or respirator can help prevent dust from entering the lungs and causing damage.
Johnson, A. R. (2018). Cardiorespiratory Complexities. Pathophysiology clinical applications for Client Health. Retrieved October 24, 2022, from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiologyclinicalapplicationsforclienthealth/v1.1/#/chapter/1
Hess, M. (2020). COPD: A Disease by Assumption Learning Objectives. AARC Times,44(12), 2124.
Totokian Z, Shahboulaghi FM, Khoshknab MF, Pourhabib A; The empowerment of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Managing life with the disease, PLoS One, 2017; 12(4): e0174028. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174028
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