Assignment #11: Applying Rationalism
InstructionsConsult and read the section on Rationalism from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:Rationalism vs. Empiricism.
In this site, you will find several theses regarding rationalism (5 total). In order to claim oneselfas a rationalist, one must subscribe to at least one of the first three theses listed below, andhold some version of the last two. Make sure to read the explanations of each of these thesesbefore you begin your assignment so that you thoroughly comprehend their
Write short essay of 2-3 pages (Times New Roman 12 point font, double-spaced) that answersthe question, How do these apply to Descartes and why? Refer to Descartes claims inMeditations on First Philosophy, (your assigned text for this course) and give examples fromthis foundational book to support your arguments.
Make sure you include an introduction that explains the purpose of your paper.
1. The Intuition/Deduction Thesis: Some propositions in a particular subject area, S, areknowable by us by intuition alone.
2. The Innate Knowledge Thesis: We have knowledge of some truths in a particular subjectarea, S, as part of our rational nature.
3. The Innate Concept Thesis: We have some of the concepts we employ in a particularsubject area, S, as part of our rational nature.
4. The Indispensability of Reason Thesis: The knowledge we gain in subject area, S, byintuition and deduction, as well as the ideas and instances of knowledge in S that areinnate to us, could not have been gained by us through sense experience.
5. The Superiority of Reason Thesis: The knowledge we gain in subject area S by intuitionand deduction or have
innately is superior to any knowledge gained by senseexperience.
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