Dr. Lisa Fitzpatrick’s “Dr. Lisa on the Street” video (Week 5 folder) reminds us of the critical role of health literacy, the ability to understand, communicate and effectively use health information, in managing our health. Studies of mental health literacy have consistently found that low levels of knowledge of mental health and mental health treatment are associated with higher level of untreated mental health conditions, greater stigma regarding people with mental illness and lower use of mental health services.
For this discussion board we will do an field study of mental health literacy in our communities.
1) Below are two questions on two of the common mental health conditions, depression and binge eating disorders. Ask 4 people in your community, who have not majored or minored in psychology course or not mental health professionals, these questions and note their responses. You may test anyone in your community, including friends and family members,as long as your respondents have had no coursework or training in mental health.
Also note each respondent’s demographic characteristics such as age, gender and ethnicity.
After your respondent has given an answer, then you can provide them with the accurate answers provided below.
2) report your findings and your reactions/reflections on them here.
Minimum 300 words
Mental Health Literacy Questions
1) Name five symptoms of depression.
Ans: From National Institute of Mental Health, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml
Signs and Symptoms
If you have been experiencing some of the following signs and symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks, you may be suffering from depression:
Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
Decreased energy or fatigue
Moving or talking more slowly
Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
Appetite and/or weight changes
Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment
2) What is Binge-Eating Disorder?
From National Institute of Mental Health, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/eating-disorders/index.shtml
People with binge-eating disorder lose control over his or her eating. Unlike bulimia nervosa, periods of binge-eating are not followed by purging, excessive exercise, or fasting. As a result, people with binge-eating disorder often are overweight or obese. Binge-eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the U.S.
Eating unusually large amounts of food in a specific amount of time
Eating even when you’re full or not hungry
Eating fast during binge episodes
Eating until you’re uncomfortably full
Eating alone or in secret to avoid embarrassment
Feeling distressed, ashamed, or guilty about your eating
Frequently dieting, possibly without weight loss
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